World Health Organization (WHO)

An international organization established in 1948 as an agency of the United Nations with responsibilities for international health matters and public health. The WHO headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO has campaigned effectively against some infectious diseases, most notably smallpox, tuberculosis, and malaria. Other functions include sponsoring medical research programmes, organizing a network of collaborating national laboratories, and providing expert advice and specific targets to its 160 member states with regard to health matters.


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