Orthodontic appliances

Fixed or removable devices, commonly known as braces, worn to correct malocclusion, or to reposition overcrowded or buck teeth. Usually fitted during childhood and adolescence, they move teeth using sustained gentle pressure. A fixed appliance has brackets attached to the teeth through which an arch wire is threaded and tightened to exert pressure. These are usually kept in place for about a year, after which time a retainer plate may be needed to hold the teeth in place until tooth and jaw growth has finished. Removable appliances, consisting of a plastic plate with attachments that anchor over the back teeth, are used when only one or a few teeth need correcting. They apply force by means of springs, wire bows, screws, or rubber bands fitted to the plate.


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