The surgical removal of one or both of the testes. Orchidectomy may be performed for testicular cancer (see testis, cancer of) or gangrene due to torsion (see testis, torsion of), or to reduce production of testosterone in the treatment of cancer of the prostate gland (see prostate, cancer of). Removal of one testis does not affect sex drive, potency, or the ability to have children.


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