A cosmetic operation to make large or pendulous breasts smaller (breast reduction), to enlarge small breasts (breast enlargement), or to reconstruct a breast following surgery for breast cancer. In breast reduction, unwanted tissue is removed and the breast is raised to correct drooping. Breast enlargement involves the insertion of an implant under the skin. Breast reconstruction may be carried out at the same time as a mastectomy. The normal contours of the breast are restored by the insertion of an implant. Possible complications of mammoplasty include leakage from the implant, hardening of the surrounding breast tissue, and scarring.


Online Medical Dictionary: Your essential reference to over 5000 medical terms.