Freudian theory

A discipline developed by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) that formed the basis of psychoanalysis. Freud believed that feelings, thoughts, and behaviour are controlled by unconscious wishes and conflicts originating in childhood. Problems occur when the desires are not fulfilled or conflicts remain unresolved into adulthood. The essence of his theory concerns early psychological development, particularly sexual development. He also identified 3 components of personality: the id, the ego, and the superego. (See also psychoanalytic theory; psychotherapy.)


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