Advice and psychological support from health professionals to help people deal with personal difficulties. Counselling is used to address problems at school, work, or in the family; provide advice on medical problems and sexual and marital problems; help people to deal with addictions; and provide support during life crises. Types of counselling include genetic counselling, trauma counselling, and sex therapy. In most cases counselling is a one-toone activity, but it may also be carried out in small groups. (See also child guidance; family therapy; marriage guidance; psychotherapy.)


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