An infection of Bartholin’s glands, at the entrance to the vagina, that may be due to a sexually transmitted infection such as gonorrhoea. It causes an intensely painful red swelling at the opening of the ducts. Treatment is with antibiotic drugs, analgesic drugs, and warm baths. Bartholinitis sometimes leads to an abscess or a painless cyst (called a Bartholin’s cyst), which may become infected. Abscesses are drained under general anaesthesia. Recurrent abscesses or infected cysts may need surgery to convert the duct into an open pouch (see marsupialization) or to remove the gland completely


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